Anders Celsius (November 27, 1701 – April 25, 1744) was a
Celsius was born at Uppsala in Sweden. He was professor of
astronomy at Uppsala University from 1730 to 1744, but travelled
from 1732 to 1735 visiting notable observatories in Germany,
Italy and France.
At Nuremberg he published in 1733 a collection of 316 observations
of the aurora borealis made by himself and others over the
period 1716-1732. In Paris he advocated the measurement of
an arc of the meridian in Lapland, and in 1736 took part in
the expedition organized for that purpose by the French Academy
Celsius was one of the founders of the Uppsala Astronomical
Observatory in 1741. He is best known for the Celsius temperature
scale, first proposed in a paper to the Royal Swedish Academy
of Sciences in 1742.
He died of tuberculosis in Uppsala. The Celsius crater on
the Moon is named for him.
* "Nova Method us distantiam solis a terra determinandi"
* "De observationibus pro figura telluris determinanda"